World - - Dec 12,2016
It has been 10 years since Mexico declared a war on powerful drug cartels, but there has been little or no reduction in the country’s roughest regions.
Mexico’s then President Felipe Calderon declared an all-out fight against drug cartels as soon as he took up the office in December 2006. He deployed over 5,000 soldiers in the western home state of Michoacán, that marked the start of a militarized campaign against drug trafficking.
However, the war has been flawed in a series of ways as the country continues to witness gruesome tragedies of homicides and drug trade. In the past ten years, more than 150,000 people have been killed in gang wars among these cartels and more than 30,000 people have gone missing.
In Calderon’s six year term itself, murders had surged from 10,253 in 2007 to a peak of 22,852 in 2011. In a major incident in 2010, 72 migrants were vigorously killed by the Zetas drug gang in San Fernando in Tamaulipas state. Then again in 2012, 49 dead bodies slashed into bits were dumped on northern highway. Human Rights abuse increased heavily and his administration was criticized for failing to break up or demolish the cartels.
President Enrique Pena Nieto took over the office in December 2012 and had promised for a ‘Mexico in Peace’. His government did initially create a federal police force and imprisoned or encountered a number of drug kingpins, but allegations of corruption in the forces have further increased. Drug lords, like Joaquin “EL Chapo” Guzman have escaped prisons, increased production and supply and homicides still sustain the rates of 2011-12. In an infamous case in the city of Iguala, Guerrero state, 43 students disappeared after corrupt police detained and turned them over to a drug cartel.
If local authorities campaigning against drugs are to be believed, drug lords in Mexico are still in control of their cartels, making money and steps taken to stop them are too insignificant.